The differences between a responsible breeder compared to a backyard breeder or puppy mill.
Here we will compare responsible Tamaskan Dog Breeders, on the left, with Puppy Mills and Backyard Breeders, on the right, on the differences between them. We will let you be the judge on how you want your puppies raised.
Click the Link button to read more on the differences between Puppy Mills, Backyard Breeders, and Responsible Breeders.
Puppies are raised in breeders' homes.
A responsible breeder will raise each litter (usually no more than 1-2 simultaneous litters) inside the house with the human family, where the growing pups will experience all the sights, scents and sounds of a home environment (with daily access to a safe outdoor area once they are of age). Puppies are usually house broken (potty trained) from a young age.
Puppy mills raise puppies in cages.
A puppy mill will raise multiple litters (3 or more simultaneous litters) in a kennel environment away from the human family, and each litter is usually confined to a small caged area with limited human interaction. Puppies are not used to living in a home environment and will take much longer to potty train.
Breeders will do health testing to ensure healthy puppies.
Responsible breeders make every effort to ensure breeding animals are free of any genetic diseases prior to mating. They will do health testing such as, but not limited to:
DNA profiling to prove parentage
Scoring hips and elbows through British Veterinary Association (BVA), Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), or Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
Testing for Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
OFA Eye Certification
Properly de-worm and vaccinate all puppies per local regulations
Breeders will not breed from their dogs if they fail from their testing. They will happily share their results with the public by posting on their websites or show anyone who asks for them.
Puppy mills do not do any health testing and sell sick puppies.
A backyard breeder might do health testing, but they still breed regardless of the results. Puppy mills do not conduct any health testing and claim that their dogs are free of genetic diseases.
Puppies are often not vaccinated or de-wormed and go to their new homes sick or underweight.
If anyone asks about proof of health results, they may find the backyard breeder or puppy mill try to avoid the question or start being rude.
Breeders will have you fill out applications.
You will find that a responsible breeder will have you go through their screening process before considering selling you a puppy. Most will have you fill out an application and ask for references, some will even do a home check and maybe ask if they could meet you in person.
You might think it is a lot to go through, but a responsible breeder will want to get to know the families they will be sending their puppies to.
If a breeder feels that a family is not fit for one of their puppies, they may recommend a puppy from a different breeder or advise that family that they are not ready for a puppy.
Breeders like this are also always happy to stay in touch and see how the pups are doing in their new homes as they grow up. They will also give continual support if ever any future advice is needed.
Some puppy mills have Buy Now buttons.
A big red flag is a Buy Now button. A puppy mill does not care where their puppies go, as long as you have the money to pay for it. They will push for the sale because they only care about quantity of puppies they sell, not quality.
Sometimes they may try to fool their customers to thinking that they care by hosting a Video Chat occasionally to talk together and watch as the puppy grows to play with the customers' emotions to be sure they become attached to the puppies.
Proper paper work is given before or at the time of picking up your puppy.
Before your puppy goes home with you, a responisble breeder will have papers showing your pup's registration, pedigree of at least 3 generations, puppy contract, microchiping, de-worming and vet visits, and some even temperament test results.
Fake or forged paperwork is given if asked for, usually late.
Puppy mills and backyard breeders do not often give paperwork with the purchase of a puppy. If a customer asks for papers, they possibly may not recieve them till months afterwards.
When papers are given, they may have a vet's forged signature because a puppy would not have a clean bill of health as they want you to think. Their pedigree paper may also have incorrect information such as listing the incorrect parents and/or grandparents.
Litters are advertised by affiliated clubs.
Responsible breeders do not advertise their litters in newspapers, Craigslist, or puppy advertising websites.
They will instead only list their litters on their websites and Facebook page (if they have one). Affiliated clubs and registries will list the litters for breeders on their websites.
Puppies are advertised on numberous advertising sites.
Puppy mills and backyard breeders will advertise wherever they can to draw in potential customers.
Backyard breeders are more likely to advertise their litters in newspapers and/or Craigslist. Puppy mills will usually post on puppy advertising websites such as PuppyFind, Pets4you, NextDayPets, or even Preloved.
Puppy mills may even use multiple prefixes, the name of their kennels (which my include a stolen prefix of a responsible breeder), to build multiple websites for advertising their litters.